1. TESTS OF BUILDING MATERIALS:
A qualified civil engineer should be well familiar with various tests of building materials. Given below, detailed lists of some vital tests.
Concrete Test: Slump test, compression test, split tensile test, soundness etc.
Soil Test: Core cutter test, compaction test, sand replacement test, triaxial test, consolidation test etc.
Bitumen Test: Ductility test, softening point test, gravity test, penetration test etc.
2. Examination OF SOIL:
Prior to develop a construction, different types of soil tests are done for finding out the settlement and strength of soils before starting a construction. Therefore, a civil engineer must contain sound knowledge regarding these tests which are carried out at the jobsite.
3. Application OF SURVEYING Tools:
A civil engineer should be well versed with utilizing various surveying instruments like the total station, theodolite etc. These instruments can be applied for marking and perfect measurements.
4. STANDARD CODES utilized IN CONSTRUCTION:
Each country contains their own standard safety specifications (eg: Is Code) for performing various activities associated with construction. There are various types of rules and methods in the standard codes and these are followed to build up new construction. If not, there are risks factors for collapsing of a structure.
5. BAR BENDING SCHEDULE:
Bar bending schedule is considered as a crucial chart for civil engineers. It helps to make the reinforcement calculation for RC beam that ranges from cutting length, type of bending, the length of bending etc.
6. DRAWING AND DESIGN:
Drawing and design are considered as the pillars of a project in-progress. It offers all the necessary specifications of that project. Each site engineers must have the capability to efficiently analyze such drawings and designs.
7. ESTIMATION AND BILLS:
A civil engineer should be able to prepare estimation and bills toward a construction project.
8. QUALITY CONTROL:
Quality control maintains the profit of a project by lessening the additional costs. Therefore, a civil engineer should contain the fundamental knowledge of quality control.
9. ON FIELD MANAGEMENT:
A civil engineer should have clear ideas on form-work, concreting, safety measures etc.
10. COORDINATION WITH LABOR:
A civil engineer should have the capability to manage labors efficiently in a jobsite.