# Learn to compute cement quota, brickwork volume & no. of fixes for a brick wall

This construction video tutorial will show the details of cement quota, brick work volume, number of fixes for a brick wall construction.

To calculate the brickwork volume, just apply the following formula :-

Total brickwork area x wall thickness
= 31.98 x 0.2 = 6.38 m3

The ratio of cement & mortar needed in brickwork is 1:3 (it can also be taken as 1:5 and 1:6).
Volume of brickwork = 6.38 m3
For 1 cubic meter of cement mortar, the volume of sand will be 0.2m3
For 6.38 cubic meter, the volume of sand will be 6.38 x 0.2 = 1.276 m3

For 1m3 cement mortar, the volume of cement will be = (0.2×1440)/3 (3 denotes last digit of ratio)
= (0.2 x 1440)/3 = 96 KGS
For 6.38 cubic meter, the volume of cement will be 6.38 x 96 = 612.48 KGS

To work out the number of cement bags, just divide it by 50 (as weight of 1 cement bag is similar to 50 Kg)
Therefore, 612.48/50 = 12.24 bags = 13 bags (approx.)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Arka Roy
http://www.constructioncost.co
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

# Some useful guidelines on Vastu for a Living Room

The Vastu for Living Room provides a series of fundamental rules and if these rules are pursued properly, you along with your family can live problem free life in the Living Room. It is very crucial to keep the face of the living room to the East or the North direction. It is recommended to keep the face of your living room to the North as it will bring more prosperity. Toward North faced room, remember that the room should be larger in size with regard to the rest rooms of your house facing other directions but the height of the room should be little short.

In Living Room Vastu Shastra, the drawings, patterns and designs are dependent on the arrangements with the directions known as North, South, East and West. Living Room Vastu Shastra is mostly utilized over the ages on Hindu architecture and also in other arenas like vehicles, furniture, sculpture, paintings, so on.

Living Room Vastu placement: Beside maintaining face of the room to the proper direction, Vastu for living room also suggests to keep the slope of its flooring towards the North or the East. Regarding the doors, the eastern and the western doors are treated very sacred for your living room. The decorative items which are situated inside, particularly the heavy materials like the show case and all, should be arranged in the West or the South direction.

Vastu for living room also describes that the sitting position of the head of the family should have been in the North or the East. It is recommended not to arrange the television set to the North-east or the South-west rather it’s face should be directed to South-east. The telephone set should be kept either in the North or the East or the South-East direction. It is also suggested that the statues or portraits of Gods and goddesses should be arranged in the North-east corner. If any stuff of animal hide or skin is arranged on the walls, it should be hanging on the North-west walls.

Colors on Wall as per Vastu: Vastu for living room also reveals a vital factor about the color of the walls. Try to circumvent employing red or black for the walls. Painting on it should be done with colors like blue, yellow, white or green. Arrange the fanciful chandelier slightly to the West side of the room and it shouldn’t be positioned at the center. The shape of the furniture should be as much as possible square or rectangle and not circular, oval, hexagonal or shaped like an egg.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Arka Roy
http://www.constructioncost.co
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

# Shear Force and Bending Moment Of Simply Supported Beam With Point Load

The Civil Engineers should contain clear and concise ideas on shear force and bending moment to make perfect analysis of any structure as well as design of any structural member.

In this regard, Parag Pal, the famous B.E. Civil Engineer, has presented a useful video that focuses on shear force and bending moment of simply supported beam with point load to find out the sfd and bmd of any point load member.

In engineering term, a point load refers to an established load (force) that is situated with a single, specific point on a supporting structure or structural member.

In construction, a point load is set aside only for lighter structures or other cases where the load or force is comparatively light and not cause to undergo unnecessary stresses. To sustain structural reliability, designs and blueprints are properly planned to prevent the application of point loads in other situations.

If Point loads are not predicted, they can result in collapsing of structures.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Arka Roy
http://www.constructioncost.co
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

# How to use excel to calculate required labor for Brick Masonry Work

Brick masonry is the process for developing the buildings and other structures with the application of brick stone, stone blocks, brick blocks which are arranged in a particular pattern and joined unitedly, generally with mortar. Sometimes, the term also refers to the brick units themselves. Masonry is recognized as a long-lasting construction system, and brick is one of the most normal types of masonry applied in industrialized nations. The longevity of a structure developed with this method is based on the type and consistency of the separate bricks chosen along with the style of masonry utilized.

This is a useful construction video presented by Unite Constructions And Unite Coaching. The video will teach you how to use Microsoft Excel to calculate the number of Labors essential for brick masonry work.

The rates for the required number of labors toward concrete work are derived from a standard DSR Book (District Schedule Rates Book).

The process is shown in a tabular form. The table contains different types of heads like serial number, labor, quantity of labors each 10 cu.m of work, rate per day (8 hours), total amount etc. There are different types of labor like head mason, mason, male worker, water carrier, sundries.

Brick Masonry involves proportion of mortar, volume of brick masonry, dry volume of mortar (with frog filling, wastage etc.), cement, cement bags, sand, number of bricks, assuming 5% wastage.

Cost of material is prepared for cement, sand and bricks.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Arka Roy
http://www.constructioncost.co
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

# How to organize building layout in 90 degree angle

While laying out a floor, garden or other home improvement project, it becomes difficult to maintain exact angles. If your project needs a correctly square right angle to develop, there exist a rapid, easy way to create one. By applying a measuring tape, and a little math, it is possible to lay out a proper 90-degree angle each time.

In the following construction video tutorial, you can get some useful construction tips for arranging building layout in 90 degree angle.

In the example given in this video, a room of the building is selected and the process is shown for maintaining the 90 degree angles in all the corners of the room.

To get more details, go through the following youtube video.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Arka Roy
http://www.constructioncost.co
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

# Detailed process for measuring weight of steel

This is a useful video for construction professionals. The video will teach you how to estimate weight of steel. In this video, two diverse formulas are applied – Density Method and D square /162 Method.

Density refers to the mass of an object that is divided with its volume. Density frequently contains units of grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm3). Keep in mind, grams mean a mass and cubic centimeters mean a volume (the identical volume as 1 milliliter).

As density is mass per unit volume, the density of a metal is measured by submerging it in an identified amount of water and computing how much the water increases. It is the volume of the metal. Its mass is calculated with a scale. The unit for density is gm/cm3.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Arka Roy
http://www.constructioncost.co
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

# Joint Detailing of Steel Hollow Sections

Likewise detailing of main structural members, detailing of joints in steel structure is also very vital. Joints mainly bear the loads which are transmitted from structures to various structural members. Therefore, the detailing work of joints in steel structure should be performed efficiently to make the structure secure for the specified loads.

Given below, the detailed information concerning the types of joints generally applied for structural steel hollow sections. There are different types of hollow sections which range from Rectangular Hollow Sections (RHS) and Square Hollow Sections (SHS) and Circular Hollow Sections (CHS).

Given below, the joint details for structural steel hollow sections (RHS and SHS) which are generally applied:

1. K – Type Joints: K – Type joints in steel structures develop as soon as the centroidal axis of horizontal member and two lateral bracings touch with the central axis of top chord.

Make sure that the ends of hollow sections should be closed. If any ends of a hollow section does not come nearer because of more width, then a plate is welded on that end so that the ends come to the nearer as well as the connection with other members remain effective with the sealing of the members. It resists inner corrosion of the hollow sections.

K-type of joints in structural steel members is easiest and most cost effective.

1. Knee – Type Joint: Knee-type joint is ideal for enhancing the strength of connection among vertical and horizontal members of structure.

In welded knee-joint, the chord situated at top is directly welded to the primary column and then an appropriately cut haunch is welded to the vertical and the chord member for making stiffening superior.

1. N – Type Joint: By following the implemented configuration, N-type joint is developed for relating web members to top and bottom chords.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Arka Roy
http://www.constructioncost.co
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

# Some useful design and analysis software for engineers

This construction video provides the detailed lists of most recognized design and analysis software for Civil Engineering.

The lists include the following :-

Bentley Staad Pro – It is used for 3d structural analysis and design. With it, one can design different types of structures as well as distribute synchronized model data efficiently with the whole design team.

SAP 2000 – It offers composite solution for structural analysis and design with its advanced analytical methods. Use this software to generate structural models quickly and intuitively devoid of long learning curve delays.

Struds – It is the ideal software for creating design of concrete structures as per Indian codes as well as designing high rise concrete buildings and various building elements like slabs, beams, columns, shear walls and foundations etc. instantly and smoothly.

Etabs – A composite software package for making the structural analysis and design of buildings. ETABS provides supreme 3D object based modeling and visualization tools, deeply quick linear and nonlinear analytical power, profound and wide-ranging design powers for a wide array of materials, and insightful graphic displays, reports, and schematic drawings that facilitate the users to instantly and easily solve and recognize analysis and design results.

GT Strudl – It is a powerful structural analysis and design modeling software for structural engineers. The software can be applied for concrete, steel, and reinforced concrete design of structures.

Microstation – It is a CAD software product from Bentley Systems for two and three dimensional design and drafting. With MicroStation, it is possible to efficiently view, model, document, and visualize projects of any size or complexity.

Ansys – It is a useful product for engineering simulation over the complete product lifecycle, ranging from digital exploration to digital prototyping to operations and maintenance with digital twins.

##### ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Arka Roy

http://www.constructioncost.co

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

# Download online construction estimate calculator to estimate the quantities of materials

The absolute volume method is used to work out the material quantities for forming the necessary quantity of concrete on the basis of specified mix proportions. This method is formulated following the principle that the volume of fully compacted concrete is equivalent to the absolute volume of all the materials of concrete consisting of cement, sand, coarse aggregates and water.

Depending on the type of structure, a concrete structure may contain beams, slabs, columns and foundations etc. The volume of concrete essential for concrete structure is computed by summation of the volumes of every structural member or each parts of the members. The formula for computing the volume of a rectangular cross sectional member is length x width x height (or depth or thickness). Appropriate formula should be applied for various cross-sectional shapes of members.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Arka Roy
http://www.constructioncost.co
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~